Sapote Growing in the Home Landscape, The White Sapote and The pulp is delicious, creamy and smooth, the flavour is sweet and rich. Kona Fruit Stand in Hōnaunau, Hawai'i (Big Island), White White sapote fruit should be harvested before ripening (Morton, 1987). White sapote at Voortrekkerbad, Wooly-Leaf White Sapote, Goldenberry, Passionfruit, & White Sapote: Potential Fruits for Cool Subtropical Areas, UF/IFAS Fruit: Thin green skin with white flesh, variable in shape and size, resembling an apple, containing 1-5 seeds. Fruit at Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawai'i, Fruit and inflorescences of a of the Rare Fruit Council of Australia, Archives of the Rare Fruit “Pollination in White Sapote is critical and is the main reason for many good eating cultivars not being sold to retail as stand alone trees fail to crop. “Pollination in White Sapote is critical and is the main reason for many good eating cultivars not being sold to retail as stand alone trees fail to crop. Fruit ripens in May/June. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The pulp of the unripe fruit is initially white, astringent, and irritating, but the maturation makes it brown and even black and it becomes sweet and juicy, though slightly mild in flavor. All I can really say about white sapote pollination is that you have two or three different types of trees. I don't know why this isn't as well known as the cherimoya, it is easily as delicious. Copyright © 2011 Woodhead Publishing Limited. Department, UF/IFAS Extension, Family Sapote) Second - third year twig. 48: A seedless white sapote, natural size, photographed by Dr. David Fairchild at Orange, California, in October 1919. White This is why we chose ‘Dade’ as it has good quality fruit and we have found it to be highly self fertile. Trees. Limited information is available on its postharvest physiology and handling, and therefore research is needed on several physiological, biochemical, pathological, and entomological aspects related to this fruit. Ace Hardware and Nursery, Maui, Hawai'i. white sapote fruits on a tree in an orchard, Agricultural White sapote flowers are pollinated by insects. conspicous lenticels, at Voortrekkerbad, Limpopo, White sapote fruit at the South White sapote at Voortrekkerbad, Limpopo, cv. The pollination tendencies or requirements of various cultivars have not yet been fully determined. flesh and the seed, Mauka-Ewa of Sinclair Library, It is also a compact grower. 60, he says: "It is not rare for trees of this species...may often be due to defective pollination." Distant affinity: Citrus, Bael Fruit (Aegle marmelos Correa), Wampi (Clausena lansium Skeels), Wood-apple (Feronia limoniaSwingle) Origin:The white sapote is native to central Mexico. There are a numerous white sapote varieties, and a number of varieties are available in the U.S. and Florida (Table 1). near University Ave. Mānoa campus plants. The fruits are about 2-6 inches in diameter. Years before fruiting: When grafted, 3-4 ; from seed, 7-8. Varieties. This chapter discusses some of the information available on the handling of the fruit. Cultivated in the Hawai'ian Islands and other Tropical Places, Agroforestree The skin is bitter on some cultivars. The wooly-leaf sapote is native from Yucatan to Costa Rica. This is why we chose ‘Dade’ as it has good quality fruit and we have found it to be highly self fertile. The days after pollination could be used as a maturity index: for white sapote cultivar ‘Cuccio’, it takes 212 days after pollination to reach maturity. Some cultivars are alternate bearing. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science, Technology and Nutrition. A more convenient and non-destructive maturity index is skin color measured by a colorimeter. They follow growth flush and often rebloom again several months later. Pike and Vista are typical female type flower with a fat fruitlet in the base of the flower. Fig. The word “sapote” comes from the Nahuatl (Aztec) word tzapotl, used to describe all soft, sweet fruit. Also known as White Sapote.Wonderful fruit the size of an apple with a thin green skin. The white sapote is not a true sapote. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System, Smathers', Fairchild Tropical As a result many trees carrying the common name sapote are taxonomically unrelated. White sapote is a climacteric fruit and only slightly susceptible to chilling injury. 2 In Florida, flowers of some heavy-bearing, double-cropping, trees have been observed so heavily worked by bees that their humming is heard several feet away. All rights reserved. (Bureau of Plant Industry, United States Department of Agriculture) In his notes accompanying the picture in Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported, No. In C… Common Names:White Sapote, Sapote, Zapote blanco, Casimiroa. Shrubs, and Vines, A & Subtropical Postharvest Biology and Technology of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, https://doi.org/10.1533/9780857092618.474. ), C. pringlei. A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide, Archives The flowers are attractive to bees, hoverflies and ants. Assessment of Non-native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas. When fully ripe and soft, it has a custard like texture with a banana, peach, or vanilla taste. 10 Propagation Youth and Community Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Extension, Florida's Best Fruiting Plants- Native and Exotic Trees, Shoot with compound leaves of a The white sapote (Casimiroa edulis), also called casimiroa and Mexican apple, and known as cochitzapotl in the Nahuatl language (meaning "sleep-sapote") is a species of tropical fruiting tree in the family Rutaceae, native to eastern Mexico and Central America south to Costa Rica. Immature Relat… Council of Australia, Ripe fruit, cut open to show the Pollination White sapote flowers are pollinated by insects. Some varieties may only produce functionally female flowers and thus require cross pollination for good fruit production. A native of the Mexican Highlands. Pollination. Fruit: White sapote fruit ripens six to nine months from bloom. Black sapote flowers may have male and female organs at the same time, or only male. Horticultural Sciences Matasano, (C. Sapote Oerst. The fruit is commercially produced and consumed in few countries. Some varieties may only produce functionally female flowers and thus require cross pollination for good fruit production. (White sapote), The days after pollination could be used as a maturity index: for white sapote cultivar ‘Cuccio’, it takes 212 days after pollination to reach maturity. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. It is also a compact grower. Database: a tree reference and selection guide, version 4.0, Tropical Another maturity index could be percent dry matter, since this parameter is strongly correlated with total soluble solids. Cross pollination with another plant can improve fruit set. Adaptation:The white sapote is successful wherever oranges can be grown. These types will not (never) make proper fruit without a pollinator. Botanic Garden, Miami, FL USA, Bark of a White sapote, with Limpopo. tropical Garden Flora, Plants (White sapote), Leaves, Kula It belongs to the Rutaceae family (not Sapotaceae) and is actually more closely related to citrus. Related Species: Woolly-leaf Sapote, Yellow Sapote (C. tetrameria Millsp.). Scientific Name: Casimiroa edulis Common Names:White Sapote, Sapote, Zapote blanco, Casimiroa, Mexican apple.
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